GD Topic: Interlinking of Indian rivers Pros and Cons
- September 18, 2018
- Posted by: mdeepak
- Category: Group Discussion
Connecting major rivers of India is one of the ambitious projects of Modi government, from the election campaigning time it was told that for better use of water major rivers will be connected to each other especially Ganga to other rivers. Interlinking of rivers is not a dream of recent government it is a 150-year-old project proposed by Sir Arthur Cotton, a British general, and irrigation engineer. Interlinking of rivers is a versatile and complex project lets discuss its pros and cons.
Pros of interlinking
- Interlinking of rivers will balance the water level of all the major rivers in India. In some area Rivers in monsoon create floods and in summer also there is plenty of water due to Himalayan ice melt. These rivers can be linked and extra water will be transferred to other rivers which are get dry in summer.
- Interlinking of rivers will manage floods. There is no proper flood management system in India till now. Interlinking of rivers will give India a proper flood management system.
- Transportation can be down through water path it will be more chipper and fast then road transfer.
- Linking of the river can start hydroelectric power plant in many places. It will generate more electricity.
- This will make many areas habitable. Currently, some rural areas are facing severe water shortage and this situation is forcing people to migrate to other areas. Agriculture will boot up after river lining.
Cons of interlinking of rivers
- Interlinking of the river will hamper the ecosystem. The river should flow naturally if you divert its current flow then it will create a problem for its water bodies.
- This project needs very high investments and this is the reason why in more than 150 years this project did not get executed.
- We can look alternative to this project as we can invest to increase groundwater or creating more reservoirs etc.
- Interlinking of the river will also transfer pollution. Some rivers are clean and some are very polluted with toxic chemicals. Interlinking of rivers will pollute all the river at a time.
Interlinking of rivers are very expensive and complex projects it will also take a very long time to execute. Interlinking of rivers has many benefits. But this should be the last resort. India receives plenty of rainfall, but most of this rainwater is going into drains. If we capture all these rainwater, India will not face water scarcity in the coming years.