GD TOPIC: DO WE REALLY NEED BULLET TRAIN?
- August 24, 2018
- Posted by: mdeepak
- Category: Group Discussion
Bullet train is one of the most ambitious projects in India, which will run between Mumbai to Ahmadabad. Bullet train is a joint project of India and Japan and the estimated Cost for the entire corridor is Rs.1, 08,000 Crore. Due to this big amount of fund many peoples are not in the favor of this project, there is a protest arising that India needs a better train, not the bullet train. But bullet train will open a new fast transport facility to the public it’s an ambitious project of India. Bullet train or better train is now a big topic to a discussion in our country.
Let’s start today’s GD topics: Do we really need a bullet train?
Why bullet trains are needed:
- High-speed transport: India is a big nation and the need to speed transport has become a necessity. Air transport is a good and faster option but the travel cost and capacity are not affordable for everyone. Bullet train will fulfill the requirement.
- Bullet train will save a lot of time with its increasable speed to travel 350 km in just I hour. It will create a new class of passenger in India.
Existing train system is now under very pressured. The infrastructure is also some decade old is this existing system running long distance trains are not an easy task. Bullet train can solve this problem.
- Employment: The bullet train project is expected to create 4,000 direct job opportunities, along with 20,000 indirect jobs. 20,000 construction workers will also be employed during the setup period of Ahmedabad-Mumbai bullet train.
- Urban expansion: New bullet train stations set to come up along the route will attract urban growth. This will again shift the pressure of urbanization from the existing urban centers.
- Environmental: In the backdrop of increasing concerns over environmental pollution and degradation of fossil fuels, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly, high-speed electric trains emit an eighth and a fifth of carbon dioxide as against automobiles and airplanes per passenger km, respectively.
- Enhanced Safety: High-Speed Railways’ safety record is remarkable. With a 2,500-km network, providing high frequency, up to 14 trains per hour, the Shinkansen/Bullet train ever since its inception has maintained a unique record of no fatal accident.
Why bullet train project is a waste of many:
- Running bullet train will be a loss to the railway economy because maintaining and transport charges are not cost effective.
- A project report by the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad estimates that at least 1 lakh passengers at fares approximately Rs. 1,500 per 300 km would be required daily for the project to break even. The cost of airfare between the two cities is around Rs. 2,500. With comparable fare to airways, the project doesn’t seem to serve the purpose.
- The complexity of the project also arises due to a variety of socio-economic implications like land acquisition, rehabilitation, and environmental concerns.
- Bullet train project in India would be a massively expensive involving enormous public expenditure that India cannot afford as a huge public investment is needed in social infrastructure and poverty eradication.
- With a majority of Indian population traveling in sleeper class or lower class for thousands of kilometers the project will be benefiting only international corporates, local contractors and a small number of aspirational elites indulging in luxury travel.
- With the advent of new technologies like Hyperloop Transportation Technologies which propose to make travel as fast as 760 miles per hour, investing a humongous capital on bullet train seems a cursory and outdated. This type of technology will give equal benefit in much cost-effective manner.
Bullet train is running in all developed country if India is also dreaming to be a superpower in the future then facility like butte train is also present in India. If we work from now then in near future we can achieve the goal of a bullet train. Every new technology has its pros and cons but we should focus on to overcome the cons not to stop the project. Bullet train is one of the ambitious project and in India there is a high need for affordable fast transport bullet train can fulfill this requirement.
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